byCHEM Study, College of Chemistry and Lawrence Hall of Science, U.C. Berkeley
Nitric acid acts as an acid in the manufacture of chemical fertilizers; it acts as a base in the manufacture of nitro compounds; it acts as an oxidizing agent in many systems. In making the fertilizer ammonium nitrate from nitric acid, it is necessary to neutralize the acidity of HNO3. This is accomplished by addition of NH3. In nitration reactions, such as the making of nitrobenzene, nitric acid is made to act as a base in the presence of sulfuric acid and forms nitronium ion which is the... Topics: CHEM Study, nitric acid, chemical manufacturing, science education, Sputnik-era education,...